For the last couple of years there has been a debate among Evangelicals about how to interpret Matthew 27:52-53 and if denying the straight forward historical literal interpretation is denying inerrancy as defined by the Chicago Statement of Inerrancy of 1978(aka ICBI). Respectfully, some key figures within the Southern Baptist Convention (SBC) make such a claim.
Edwin Yamaguchi (E) (ICBI)
Heath Thomas (E) (SBC)
Neville Robert Bartle
Johann Peter Lange (E)
James Morison (E)
Frank E. Gaebelein (edited) (E) (ICBI)
Mark Randall Jackson (E) (SBC)
James W. Bass (E)
John F. Walvoord (E)
William Burt Pope (E)
Frank Turek (E)
Possibly historical, but if not it is of little consequence.
Karl Heinz Neufeld
Clyde W. Brockett
Stephen C. Barton
Gilbert T. Sadler
-Curtis Mitch and Edward Sri, The Gospel of Matthew, Catholic Commentary on Sacred Scripture (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Academic, 2010), 362. Edited by Mary Healy Peter Williamson
-Brown, Raymond E. The Death of the Messiah . (New Haven and London: Yale University Press, 1994),1120-1140.
-France, R.T. Matthew: A Introduction and Commentary . Tyndale New Testament Commentaries. (Downers Grove: Intervarsity , 1985) 406-407. General editor: Leon Morris.
- http://www.equip.org/audio/questions-and-answers-with-hank-673/ (accessed Dec 2013)
- http://www.equip.org/audio/questions-and-answers-with-hank-735/ (accessed Dec 2013)
- http://www.equip.org/audio/questions-and-answers-with-hank-780/ (accessed Dec 2013)
- http://www.equip.org/audio/johns-writings-qa/ (accessed Jan 2014)
-Bird, Michael F., and James G. Crossley. How Did Christianity Begin?: A Believer and Non-Believer Examine the Evidence. London; Peabody, MA: Society for Promoting Christian Knowledge; Hendrickson Publishers, Inc., 2008. 55-56(Crossley's position), 69 footnote 30 (Bird's position)
-Barton, Stephen C., ed. The Cambridge Companion to the Gospels. 1st ed. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006. Cambridge Companions Online. Web. 07 February 2014. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/CCOL0521807662
-Karl Heinz Neufeld "Descent into Hell." Encyclopedia of Christian Theology. First Edition. Ed. JEAN-YVES LACOSTE. Routledge,2004. Routledge Religion Online. Taylor & Francis.07 February 2014 http://routledgeonline.com.ezproxy.liberty.edu:2048/religion/Book.aspx?id=w102_w102b212&searchterm="Matthew%2027"&ticket=RmSa8MPVkcle4z1x0PHiIamEMzuRMQs37qjY2mycVBA=&mode=IP
-Brockett, Clyde W. "Scenarios of the 'descent into hell' in two processional antiphons." Comparative Drama 42.3 (2008): 301+. Academic OneFile. Web. 7 Feb. 2014. He attributes the source of his comments to Clifford Davidson out of Western Michigan University.
-Jackson, Mark Randall. "Atonement in Matthew's Gospel." Order No. 3454191, The Southern Baptist Theological Seminary, 2011. In PROQUESTMS ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text, http://search.proquest.com/docview/868502700?accountid=12085. Page 204
-White, W. D. "THE DESCENT OF CHRIST INTO HELL: A STUDY IN OLD ENGLISH LITERATURE." Order No. 5906742, The University of Texas at Austin, 1959. In PROQUESTMS ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text, http://search.proquest.com/docview/301894731?accountid=12085.
-Bass, Justin W. "The Battle for the Keys: Revelation 1:18 and Christ's Descensus Ad Inferos." Order No. 3471018, Dallas Theological Seminary, 2011. In PROQUESTMS ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text, http://search.proquest.com/docview/885024097?accountid=12085.
-Bartle, Neville Robert. "Developing a Contextual Theology in Melanesia with Reference to Death, Witchcraft, and the Spirit World." Order No. 3013579, Asbury Theological Seminary, 2001. In PROQUESTMS ProQuest Dissertations & Theses Full Text, http://search.proquest.com/docview/250191747?accountid=12085. p. 371
-Lange, Johann Peter, The Gospel According to Matthew. )New York: C. Scribner, 1865) 528.
-Sadler, Gilbert T. b. 1871. The Inner Meaning of the Four Gospels: Reinterpreted In the Light of Modern Research, And In Relation to Spiritual And Social Needs. (London: C.W. Daniel, 1920) 99.
-James Morison, Commentary on the Gospel According to Matthew (London; Glasgow: Hamilton, Adams & Co.; Thomas D. Morison, 1870), 656.
- William Burt Pope, A Compendium of Christian Theology: Being Analytical Outlines of a Course of Theological Study, Biblical, Dogmatic, Historical, Volumes 1-3, vol. 3 (London: Beveridge and Co., 1879), 379–380.
-David Smith, The Gospel According to St. Matthew: With Introduction and Notes, ed. Alfred E. Garvie, The Westminster New Testament (London: Andrew Melrose, 1908), 244.
- John F. Walvoord, Matthew: Thy Kingdom Come (Galaxie Software, 2007), 236.
- http://crossexamined.org/matthews-raised-saints/ (Frank Turek) (accessed 07/22/2014)
By evangelical I mean what biblical scholars Sinclair B. Ferguson and J.I. Packer define as believing that the, “…Bible is the truthful revelation of God and through it the life-giving voice of God speaks; God is the almighty creator and we are his dependent creation; God has entered history redemptively in the incarnation of Jesus Christ; God’s nature exists in Trinitarian expression; Jesus Christ is fully divine and fully human, the power and judgment of sin is a reality for all humanity; God graciously takes the initiative in coming to us savingly in Jesus Christ and by the Holy Spirit; Jesus Christ is building his church; and the consummation of history will be expressed in the second advent of Jesus Christ, the general resurrection, the final judgment, heaven and hell.” Sinclair B. Ferguson and J.I. Packer, New Dictionary of Theology (Downers Grove, IL: InterVarsity Press, 2000), 239. This portion was written by I. S. Rennie; The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church says, “In a wider sense the term ‘Evangelical’ has been applied since the Reformation to the Protestant Churches by reason of their claim to base their teaching pre-eminently on the ‘Gospel.’ “F. L. Cross and Elizabeth A. Livingstone, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church (Oxford; New York: Oxford University Press, 2005), 583; Theologian Harriet A. Harris identifies some a few of the core beliefs of evangelicals. He maintaints that, “Evangelical theology reflects the sola scriptura principle of the Reformers, the rational orthodoxy of *Protestant Scholasticism and the experiential emphases of the revivals. Its main characteristics include: emphasizing the authority of Scripture over against reason, tradition and ecclesial authority; prioritizing the experience of becoming a Christian and knowing Jesus as one’s personal saviour, not over against right belief—the importance of which is taken very seriously—but over against the sacraments and ecclesial structures; stressing conversion, evangelism and missionary work, and the particularism of Christ’s saving work; and focusing on sanctification through holy living along with a corresponding rejection of Christ’s presence in the sacraments.” Harriet A. Harris, “Evangelical Theology,” ed. Trevor A. Hart, The Dictionary of Historical Theology (Carlisle, Cumbria, U.K.: Paternoster Press, 2000), 197–198.
Note: I strived to get all the Evangelical's labeled correctly. I am open to being reviewed on this.