In the U.S., home schooling has increased substantially from just thousands in the 1970’s. One study looked at the data from 1985 to 2004 on this growing trend stating:
From 1985 to 1995, the number of home-schooled children grew from 50,000 to between 500,000 and 750,000 (Lines, 2000; Basham, 2001, p. 6). A 1999 survey put the figure at 850,000, representing 1.7% of the student population (http://www.life.ca/hs/USA.html), while a 2003 survey estimated 2.2% of all American students are home schooled (National Center for Education Statistics, 2004). Reports of significant upward trends[i]
Brian Ray estimates that there were around 1.2 million home-schooled children. [ii] Out of all these children, according to a study done by Dr. Lawerence Rudner, whom evaluated 20, 760 home-schooled children in 2000, 94% were white. 6 % were of other minority groups with less than 1% being African American.[iii] However, more minorities are deciding to educate at home.[iv]
Outside of the US the numbers of students being educated at home or in private schools have increased the past couple of decades. In an international survey of 21,545 families in 11 countries the following numbers came back as a percentage of children being home schooled. Countries in the poll were China-32%, Finland-7%, Germany-8%, Italy-9%, Nigeria-9%, and the USA-10%.[v] These polls have their limitations, but the percentages at least suggest that there is a sizeable population of families whom educate their children at home. Home school in Canada rose 20% between 1995 and 2005.[vi] In Japan, whose state-run schools do well academically, parents are starting to take their children out of state run schools.[vii] Home schooling is not just a United States idea, but a multi-country and culture moderate movement that is rising modestly.
[i] Romanowski, M. H. (2006). Revisiting the Common Myths about Homeschooling. Clearing House, 79(3), 125-129. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
[ii] Lobbying for the Lord: The New Christian Right Home-Schooling Movement and Grassroots Lobbying. Vernon L. Bates. Review of Religious Research Vol. 33, No. 1 (Sep., 1991), pp. 3-17 Published by: Religious Research Association, Inc. Article Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/3511257
[iii] Bad News for White Supremacists: Home-Schooled Blacks Do Just as Well as Home-Schooled Whites on Standardized Tests. The Journal of Blacks in Higher Education. No. 28 (Summer, 2000), pp. 53-54. Published by: The JBHE Foundation . Article Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/2678694
[iv] Aurinit and Davies write about the increase in minorities deciding to home school saying, “Homeschooling is no exception within this trend, and is becoming more diverse. Whereas 30 years ago it was dominated by a coalition of religious fundamentalists and experimental ‘unschoolers’ (Knowles, 1988; Wahisi, 1995; Nazareno, 1999; Welner & Welner, 1999; Arai, 2000), a variety of subgroups are now emerging, with very different goals that range from nurturing minority identities, to meeting special educational needs, to simply seeking a superior form of education.” Aurini, J., & Davies, S. (2005). Choice without markets: homeschooling in the context of private education. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 26(4), 461-474. doi:10.1080/01425690500199834
[v] Wanda A R Boyer. (2002). Exploring home schooling. International Journal of Early Childhood, 34(2), 19. Retrieved August 20, 2011, from ProQuest Psychology Journals. (Document ID: 377021201); Also it should be noted that there are other movements such as in the Netherlands that are pushing for homeschooling as noted in this journal about to be cited. Performance in Home Schooling: An Argument against Compulsory Schooling in the Netherlands / Leistungen im Hausunterricht: Ein Argument Gegen die Öffentliche Schulpflicht in den Niederlanden / Resultats de L'Enseignement a Domicile: Un Argument Contre la Scolarite Obligatoire Aux Pays-Bas / El Rendimiento en la Enseçanza en Casa: Un Argumento Contra la Escolarización Obligatoria en los Países Bajos / ЭффЕКТИ ВНОСТЬ ОБ УЧЕН ИЯ НА: ДОМУ: АР ГУМЕНТ П РОТИВОБЯ З АТЕЛЬНОГ О ШКОЛЬНО ГО ОБРАЗО ВА НИЯВ НИДЕРЛАНД АХ. Henk Blok. International Review of Education / Internationale Zeitschrift für Erziehungswissenschaft / Revue Internationale de l'Education. Vol. 50, No. 1 (Jan., 2004), pp. 39-52. Published by: Springer . Article Stable URL: http://www.jstor.org/stable/4151585
[vi] Aurini, J., & Davies, S. (2005). Choice without markets: homeschooling in the context of private education. British Journal of Sociology of Education, 26(4), 461-474. doi:10.1080/01425690500199834
[vii]Kemble, B. G. (2005). My Parents, My Sensei: Compulsory Education and a Homeschooling Alternative in Japan. Texas International Law Journal, 40(2), 335-351. Retrieved from EBSCOhost